There are several prefixes (beginning letters) that make new nouns from other words. These are called derivational prefixes. Each are listed in the dictionary with a dash – to show that it must be attached to a word. For example, the derivational word gi- ‘small, little’ changes maa ‘child’ into gimaa ‘baby’.
|Derivational prefix||Original noun||New noun withderivational prefix|
|gi-||small, little (diminuative)||maa||child||gimaa||baby|
|ꞌbi-||(agentive, person who does the action)||anduꞌba||beg||ꞌbinduꞌba||beggar|
|bi-||to (infinitive, the action used as a noun)||aga||cut||biga||harvest|